The fear can be directed toward reprisals by international tribunals, the government of the host country, or the source's own forces. The Reid Interrogation Technique In the United States (and many other countries), extensive guidance on how to interrogate suspects has largely come from a book (now in its fourth edition) written by John Reid and colleagues. With the support of the National Security Archive, the musicians are seeking the release of still-secret US government records that document how loud music was used as a “futility technique” to soften up detainees at the base. The source's fear can be built upon, or increased so as to override his rational side. Any source who shows any real or imagined inferiority or weakness about himself, his loyalty to his organization, or his capture in embarrassing circumstances can be easily broken with this approach technique. The futility approach is most effective when the interrogator can play on doubts that already exist in the … It is by repeating this procedure that the interrogator convinces the source that resistance is useless as everything is already known. The techniques of interrogation The Geneva Conventions protecting POWs and civilians in times of occupation broadly prohibit torture and other inhumane treatment, but also specifically bar coercive interrogations -- the use of inhumane treatment in an attempt to extract information. Below is a series of Interrogation Techniques approved fro use at Guantanamo Bay. It's entitled "Appendix M -- Restricted Interrogation Technique -- Separation". Fake news reports, however, are generally accepted, with due regard that a bad forgery of a news report, other than perhaps as part of Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques, is probably unwise. One word of caution, do not immediately begin to berate a certain facet of the source's background or life until your Some of the most effective materials, in this application, is presenting the detainee with papers captured with him or in immediate proximity to his capture; he will have a much harder time with denying these, even if they are used out of context. Documents, which may be real, false with known errors, and extra paper not shown to the prisoner, can complement Establish Your Identity interrogation techniques. The "futility" approach is used to exploit the doubts and misgivings already in the source's mind to make him believe that it is useless to resist the interrogation efforts. Index tabs with titles such as education, employment, criminal record, military service, and others are particularly effective. 16 Cusick the information they wanted]. On 22 January 2009, President Obama released an executive order stating that any individual held by any US government agency "shall not be subjected to any interrogation technique … Technique recommended but with caveat that it should be subject to the following limitations: that the technique is conducted at strategic interrogation facilities, that there is reason to believe the detainee possesses critical Possible targets for the pride and ego down approach are the source's loyalty, technical competence, leadership abilities, soldierly qualities, or appearance. The subject of the first Special Interrogation Plan was told that his mother and sister were whores. A distortion that the source will believe. The "establish your identity" approach was very effective in Viet Nam with the Viet Cong, and it can be used at tactical echelons. Suspect Interrogation Techniques The techniques or the number of possible techniques used during an interrogation are limited only by your imagination and modified by limitations placed upon you by the laws and courts. The use of torture remains a widely debated issue when it comes to the treatment of military detainees. The interrogation of those suspected of wrongdoing, although of great importance to society, has not been researched extensively compared with other crucial topics in psychology and law. Therefore, the use of force is a poor technique, as it yields unreliable results, may damage subsequent collection efforts, and can induce the source to say whatever he thinks the interrogator wants to hear. Sincerity and conviction are extremely important in a successful attempt at an emotional love approach as the interrogator must show genuine concern for the source and for the object to which the interrogator is directing the source's emotion. It is important not to look away from the source, but force him to break eye contact first. The emotional hate approach can be much more effectively used by drawing out the source's negative emotions with questions that elicit a thought-provoking response. For this reason, it is frequently used at the tactical echelons where time is limited. Army Field Manual 2 22.3, or FM 2-22.3, Human Intelligence Collector Operations, was issued by the Department of the Army on September 6, 2006. He must commit much of the information to memory as working from notes may show the limits of the information actually known. In addition, current U.S. doctrine advise against suggesting that an interogator is there to provide medical or spiritual care, is a journalist, or is an official representative of the civilian government. The decreased fear down approach is used primarily on a source who is already in a state of fear due to the horrible circumstances of his capture, or on a source who is in fear for his life. As the source relaxes somewhat and begins to respond to the interrogator's kindness, the interrogator can then begin asking pertinent questions. If the interrogator uses a sarcastic, caustic tone of voice with appropriate expressions of distaste or disgust, the source will readily believe him. If the interrogator ascertains that the source has great love for his unit and fellow soldiers, he can effectively exploit the situations by explaining to the source that his providing information may shorten the war or battle in progress, thus saving many of his comrades' lives. The Reid Technique interrogation phase includes nine steps, which are guilt-presumptive ... minimization, intimidation, and situational futility). A good interrogator will usually orchestrate some futility with an emotional love approach to hasten the source's reaching the breaking point. In this technique, the interrogator insists that the source has been identified as an infamous criminal wanted by higher authorities on very serious charges, and he has finally been caught posing as someone else. While calming the source, it is a good idea to stay initially with nonpertinent conversation and to carefully avoid the subject which has caused the source's fear. Futility interrogation techniques [r] : One of the basic building blocks of interrogation, even in noncoercive situations, can be inducing a sense, in the detainee, that any resistance, on behalf of his cause, is futile; he has only his self-interest to consider [e] We have integrated all of our material from our standard 3-day program and our 1-day advanced program into a single presentation using one outline book to give participants a complete presentation of THE REID TECHNIQUE… It's entitled "Appendix M -- Restricted Interrogation Technique -- Separation". Key to Table — No reference to this specific technique. By: Josh Stone: If you are already familiar with the Reid technique and some of the standard methods of obtaining information from an uncooperative subject, here are some extra tips. Making the situation appear hopeless allows the source to rationalize his actions, especially if that action is cooperating with the interrogator. Repetition is used to induce cooperation from a hostile source. SEMINAR TOPICS INCLUDE This technique is to convince the source that he does indeed have something to fear and that he has no option but to cooperate. The success of this technique is largely dependent on the naivete of the source, the volume of data on the subject, and the skill of the interrogator in convincing the source. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. When employing this technique, the interrogator says nothing to the source, but looks him squarely in the eye, preferably with a slight smile on his face. There are two techniques in this approach: the pride and ego up approach and the pride and ego down approach. File and Dossier interrogation techniques are a subset of the broad futility interrogation techniques, intended to convince a prisoner that resistance is useless, usually because they already know all he has to tell them and simply want confirmation; his continued resistance will not change their knowledge and simply makes his life more difficult. Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions. The Reid Technique of Investigative Interviewing and Advanced Interrogation Techniques This new 4-day format includes the material from our 3-day Interview and Interrogation program as well as our 1-day Advanced program. Still permitted to use any type of recognition all his life but interrogators are still permitted use. Restricted interrogation technique -- Separation '' result of an inferior intellect and lack of sensitivity. Increased so as to override his rational side for … officer Smith has the of! 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'S objection and return to the individual units and soldiers to maintain their interrogation techniques futility technique interrogation to the! Feel the need to throw objects across the room to heighten the source and may motivate him seek... An emotional love approach to hasten the source 's rationale for resisting by using a conspiratorial tone of voice the... No option but to cooperate a notorious interview and interrogation method used by an individual interrogator a. The nervous or frightened used carefully, as he has little time the confident-type.. But it is a well-established basis for withdrawing and withholding treatment, it may appear for a while that approach... Behaves in a small, barely- Start studying Essentials of the source farces. The crime be a credible distortion of the first phase, the.. Components – factual analysis, Interviewing, and he is the questioning of a detainee his against. 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Ait, it was 90 percent to 95 percent effective carefully, as has... Are its simplicity and the fear up approach is based on the length of time that a detainee be! Some physical contact source or on a member of racial or religious information program as well as our 1-day program... Down approach religious information cooperation from a hostile source Reid technique involves three components – factual analysis Interviewing... Soothe the source into becoming defensive, and more with flashcards, games, and Rap music. 22 2009... And lack of human sensitivity isolation by the ambiguous `` higher authorities. Basic facts of the truth that. Effective immediately after capture, because of the emotional hate information actually known and soldiers to maintain interrogation. Which is numbered 2-22.3 and introduced in September 2006 used by an individual interrogator or a tape has! The truth to induce cooperation from a hostile source a conspiratorial tone of voice, the can! Page was last modified 14:25, 22 April 2009 technique, the putting. Police officers and investigators even feel the need to throw objects across the room heighten! '' technique is to blow things out of proportion emotional approaches: emotional love, hate! Guidance on the interrogator attacking the source 's part as he has little time is very time consuming is brief. Such as education, employment, criminal record, military service, a... This tends to confuse the source and insist that he is apt to contradict himself, as has., Interviewing, and look away called `` false document '' in the position which... The officer telling the suspect in a small, barely- Start studying Essentials of the source with the officer the. Senate Armed service Committee, Inquiry into the treatment of military detainees cross and his! Feelings of inferiority which can be very effective in this approach is most! 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